After the entry into force of the WAB, the Withdrawal Agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. On 21 January 2020, the House of Lords passed the bill after approving five amendments. However, these amendments were repealed by the House of Commons the next day.   Theresa May – Johnson`s predecessor in Downing Street – repeatedly failed to get her Brexit deal passed by MPs, leading to her resignation as prime minister. On July 24, 2018, the government presented a white paper on the bill and how the legislation works.  The bill was first passed by the government in the Second Session of the 57th Parliament on the 21st. October 2019 with the long title “A bill to implement and make other provisions in relation to the agreement between the UK and the EU under Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU”.  This bill was not further discussed after second reading in the House of Commons on October 22, 2019 and expired on November 6 when Parliament was dissolved ahead of the 2019 parliamentary election. The European Commission will present its draft comprehensive negotiating mandate to the Council very soon after the UK`s withdrawal, meaning that the EU and the UK will have less than eleven months at most to conclude negotiations that would normally take several years under the EU-brokered agreements with Canada and Japan.
It took Canada and the EU more than five years to negotiate their Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, and nearly five years for Japan and the EU to negotiate their Economic Partnership Agreement – and as complicated as they have been, they are far less complicated than the partnership outlined in the Political Declaration. The ban on extending the transition period means that the UK and the EU are very unlikely to achieve the “ambitious, broad, deep and flexible partnership between trade and economic cooperation” envisaged in the Political Declaration and are only likely to achieve a free trade agreement limited at best – limited to trade in goods, but not services. despite the fact that services accounted for 80% of the UK economy and 40% of its exports to the EU. This ban also means that there is a real possibility that the UK could cross the cliff of a no-deal exit on 31 December to .m 11 December without any agreement. The UK government presented the amended EU law (Withdrawal Agreement) to the House of Commons on 19 December 2019. The bill aims to “implement the agreement between the UK and the EU in accordance with Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, and to make other provisions relating thereto”. The bill and related explanations can be viewed via the following link: The WAB converts Boris Johnson`s withdrawal agreement, which is a draft international treaty, into UK law and gives the government permission to ratify it. .